I was born and educated in Windsor, Ontario, and in June 1941, enlisted, age 20 years, as a pilot/observer candidate in the Royal Canadian Air Force. After flying training in Fleet, Yale and Harvard aircraft, I was awarded pilotís Wings
in April, 1942. The next six months were spent flying Fairey Battles and Avro Ansons at a Bombing and Gunnery School in Western Canada.
In December, 1942, I was posted to England and flew Oxford and Wellington Iís and IIIís and in June, 1943, I converted to Stirlings at Waterbeach. In July I was posted to 214 (FMS) Sqn. 3 Group, at Chedburgh, Suffolk.